After more than three years of continuing in the United States, Frida began to desperately value returning to Mexico. But her spouse, Diego Rivera, enjoyed the notoriety and fashion he gained from this state and did not want to return. This painting is the conclusion of this confrontation. Frida Kahlo was trying to embody the superficiality of Yankee capitalism. This image is filled with the icons of modern American industrial society, yet it implies that society is decaying and essential human values are ruined. In contrast to this painting, her husband Diego Rivera was working on a mural at Rockefeller Center to bear witness to his approval of industrial development in the United States.
Unlike her other paintings with her face always appearing, this painting lacks the focal element of Frida Kahlo. She only draws her dresses hanging there empty and alone with the tangle in the background. It seems that she was saying “I may be in the United States, however only my dress hangs there, my vivacity is in Mexico”.
Frida began this painting, My Dress Hangs There, while she was still in New York and finished it after she and Diego returned to Mexico. He marked this painting on the back with chalk and included the engraving: “I painted this in New York when Diego was painting the mural at Rockefeller Center.” In this case, the artist’s painting was given to Dr. Leo Eloesser of San Francisco, who was Frida’s trusted medical advisor. At the time that Dr. Eloesser passed away in 1976, he gave the plate to his friend Joyce Campbell. In 1993, Campbell sold the tincture only before there was a successful market for Kahlo’s works.